Ras-induced Erythroid Suppression Mediated by p21CIP1/WAF1 [Molecular Bases Of Disease]

Posted by rob on October 2, 2010 under Uncategorized | Comments are off for this article

BCR-ABL is a causative tyrosine kinase (TK) of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). In CML patients, although myeloid cells are remarkably proliferating, erythroid cells are rather decreased and anemia is commonly observed. This phenotype is quite different from that observed in polycythemia vera (PV) caused by JAK2 V617F, whereas both oncogenic TKs activate common downstream molecules at the level of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). To clarify this mechanism, we investigated the effects of BCR-ABL and JAK2 V617F on erythropoiesis. Enforced expression of BCR-ABL but not of JAK2 V617F in murine LSK (Lineage–Sca-1hiCD117hi) cells inhibited the development of erythroid cells. Among several signaling molecules downstream of BCR-ABL, an active mutant of N-Ras (N-RasE12) but not of STAT5 or…